type 1 vs type 2 diabetes So let us start with the fundamentals. In type 1 diabetes (which was called juvenile-onset or insulin-dependent diabetes), the body completely stops producing insulin.
When you have Diabetes, glucose builds up in the bloodstream, causing your blood glucose to rise too high, and that, if not handled and managed, can lead to damage to various parts of the body over time.
type 1 vs type 2 diabetes
When functioning correctly, this interplay between glucose, insulin, and beta cells maintains glucose levels between 70 and 140 mg per deciliter of blood. In both kinds of Diabetes, this balance becomes interrupted in some manner.
In type 2, some insulin is released, but the guards on the cells are ruined. Crohn’s keys no longer match, and also, the cells refuse to unlock. Since the door is not opened, glucose can’t enter, resulting in heightened blood glucose levels. This is known as insulin resistance–since the cells are resistant to the influences of insulin.
30.3 million people have Diabetes (9.4% of the US population) in one type or another. But just what is Diabetes? Many myths and misunderstandings surround the illness, especially when it comes to type 1 versus type 2.
In type 1, the human body’s immune system starts attacking and destroying parts of itself–especially its cells. And less insulin implies that sugar is locked out of cells and stays in the bloodstream.
As type 1 diabetes grows, it’s thought that beta cells have been wiped out (although some early research indicates there may still be some faint activity of beta cells in specific individuals with type 1).
Blood glucose, or sugar, is your body’s most important source of energy. This sugar comes from food–mostly carbohydrates, but occasionally from carbohydrates, also.
In a wholesome body, carbs are all broken down to glucose. That sugar leaves the gut, travels throughout the liver, and eventually makes its way to the bloodstream. Its final destination is that the human body’s cells, where it’s used to create energy. Insulin comes into play here, at the cells’ entrance.
It’s important to understand several things about how your own body works until you can take the very best care of your Diabetes.
And for a while, the body can conquer the cells’ immunity. But throughout class 2, especially when it’s poorly managed, the body stops being able to create enough insulin to induce its way into cells. While this happens, people with type 2 also must start insulin shots.
Most people with type 1 diabetes must start injecting insulin as soon as they are diagnosed. They need to be mindful of what they eat to prevent causing spikes in their blood sugar, but type 1 can’t be controlled solely with diet. The requirement for therapy with insulin is the reason why type 1 is classified as insulin-dependent.
Diabetes is a disorder that occurs when the body is not able to use and store glucose properly.
In the early stages, it is likely to control type 2 with exercise and diet. Losing just 7 to 10 percent of your body weight may make the insulin your body produces more successful; meal preparation helps you eat based on the amount of insulin within your body, and exercise helps increase insulin sensitivity.
Genetics positively impacts susceptibility to insulin resistance, but another significant element is obesity. There is no denying that the global epidemic of type 2 diabetes coincides with rising rates of obesity.
Type 1 and type 2 are distinct in their root causes, but the consequences are finally the same. Problems with insulin disrupt the finely immune system, and glucose in the blood increases, which, if left untreated, can lead to complications like eye and nerve damage.
In type two diabetes (that was called adult-onset or non-insulin-dependent Diabetes), the human body produces insulin, but the cells don’t respond to insulin the way they should. This is known as insulin resistance.
In response to this insulin resistance, the pancreas must create more insulin, but this doesn’t occur in the instance of type 2 diabetes. Because of both of these problems, insulin resistance and trouble making extra insulin, there is not enough insulin reaction to move the glucose from the blood to the cells.
Type 2 diabetes is more likely to happen in people over age 40, overweight, and who have a family history of Diabetes; even more and more younger people, including teens, are developing type 2 diabetes.